Direct Manufacturing Design Rules

Additive manufacturing processes create metal and plastic parts layer by layer and without formative tooling. Hence, new design freedoms occur that can provide great benefits to users of this technology. In order to make these design freedoms and design restrictions accessible, the Direct Manufacturing Design Rules (DMDR) project has the aim to develop design rules for additive manufacturing.

Within a first step, a process independent method for the development of design rules was worked out. The basis for this method is given by standard elements. These are geometrical objects which often reoccur by designing technical parts. The spectrum of standard elements covers:

-          Basic elements (e.g. plates, zylinders)

-          Element transitions (e.g. joints)

-          Aggregated structures (e.g. islands, overhangs)

Based on the defined standard elements, design rules have been methodically developed for Laser Sintering (LS), Laser Melting (LM) and Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM). The design rules are function independent, completely focused on geometry and thereby easily transferable on individual parts designs.

Due to the prior developed method, all considered processes could be handled with an equal proceeding for the design rule development. Hence, a direct comparison between the process specific results was possible. By means of this comparison, communalities in the design for manufacturing were found for the considered processes. Based on these communalities, design rules were developed that apply for the considered processes equally.

The developed rules were summarized in a design rule catalogue. This catalogue creates a basis for a practical knowledge transfer to users from industry and science as well as to students. Therefore, the developed design rules are already implemented into different lessons and seminars at the University of Paderborn.

At time the design rules’ range of validity is limited to the boundary conditions considered within the DMDR project. Thus the Direct Manufacturing Design Rules 2.0 (DMDR 2.0) project has the aim to extend the design rules’ range of validity to different boundary conditions.

Project statusSuccessfully finished
Project duration 36 month

60 % Land of North Rhine-Westphalia
40 % DMRC industry partner

Project managerProf. Dr.-Ing. Detmar Zimmer
Project coordinatorHans-Ulrich Büse (Blue Production GmbH & Co. KG)

Scientific staffDr.-Ing. Guido A. O. Adam
Involved chairsChair for design and drive technology (KAt)